Journal of Africa Leather and Leather Products Advances 2019-10-18T18:44:39+03:00 Prof. Mekonnen Hailemariam Open Journal Systems <p>JALLPA is broad-based open access Journal publishing body, founded on two key talents: To publish the most exciting researches with respect to the subjects of our functional activity in the leather sector. To provide a rapid turn-around time possible for reviewing and publishing and To disseminate the articles freely for teaching, research, building competences etc. JALLPA is dedicated and synonymous with innovation; in making viable and standard research articles available to the academic community whilst breaking the inherent barriers of high publication fees and long turn around periods in the research article publication process. Our aim is to provide a platform where researchers, practitioners and industrialist can easily and freely access research information and also render the academic community results of their innovative researches and findings.</p> <p>The Journal is referenced by the following:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Directory of Open Access Journals</li> <li class="show">CrossRef</li> <li class="show">Google Scholar</li> </ul> A review on the prerequisites of Evidence-Based Curriculum as a driver to skills development of the leather value chain in Africa 2019-10-18T18:44:39+03:00 Mwinyikione Mwinyihija, Prof. (Dr5) <p>The review study closely introspects’ on the prerequisites of evidence-based curriculum within the realms of specialized skills development agenda as pursued through higher education Institutions in Africa. Explicitly, the constraining factors that bedevil the leather sector are identifiable when appropriate research designs tools are applied. As such, in the process of identifying the constraints, renascence themes could, therefore, be beneficial in collecting evidence in support of developing curriculum. Such a developed curriculum stands higher chances of acceptability and aptly mitigates against challenges related to specialized skills development. The review succinctly indicates that in the process of identifying the themes, the scope of collecting evidence becomes attainable, thus, improving curricula that entails a participatory and transformative orientation. Indeed, during the review phase of the study, three main perspectives are depicted to be consequential in attaining a comprehensive, evidence-based curriculum, such as; action research, backward curriculum design perspective and theoretical perspective. Therefore, about this perspective, a reflection based on personal experiences and related to new knowledge with what they already know leads to constructivism. The relevancy of a constructivist strategy is observed to facilitate the observatory and evaluative stance during the development of evidence-based curriculum. Moreover, in consolidating and sustaining the benefit of such a developed curriculum, threshold concept was found during the review that it complements the process and strengthens the collecting evidence for curriculum development. Accordingly, therefore, the result of the review study indicate that Africa would&nbsp; position itself for initiating transformational changes in aspects of specialized higher education, fruition towards socio-economic benefits (e.g. employment, wealth creation and technology transfer), reversal of urban-rural or inter/intra continental migration flurry.</p> 2019-02-12T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Evaluation of salt cured Kenyan hides and skins Part I of a case study at Mariakani Curing premises, Coast province, Kenya 2019-10-18T18:44:38+03:00 Mwinyikione Mwinyihija, Prof. (Dr5) Joan Magero George N. Chemining’wa <p>A study was conducted at curing premises at Mariakani at the Coast province of Kenya, where salt curing of hides and skins from Cattle, goat and sheep was evaluated. The parameters investigated eventually compared various species in aspects related to blood yield at slaughter point and moisture loss during preservation in a span of 0, 7 and 14 days. The results indicated that blood yield (%) based on body weight showed Sheep&gt;Goat&gt;Cattle. Moreover, moisture weight was highest on the first 7days and reduced to the minimum on day 14 onwards. However, the highest % moisture loss when Cattle hides, sheep and goat skins were compared indicating that both in day 7 and 14 hides&gt;goat&gt;sheep. Incidentally blood yield of an animal specie positively correlated to that of body weight. This was exhibited when Goat skins (weighing 12 kg ± 2.65) yielded 5.5% ± 1.12 blood of its body weight whilst Sheepskins (weighing 13kg± 2.00) yielded 6.7% ± 1.72 of its body weight. The resultant effluent for such moisture production indicated that various amounts of complex contaminant were produced in the process. The final effluent emanating from the cured hides and skins were further characterized and the parameters such as the COD, Lead, Copper, Zinc, Salinity, particulate matter, pH and turbidity were analysed. It is envisaged that further studies be undertaken to evaluate the effluents impact; on soils, aquatic and atmospheric systems to determine the extent of potential damage to the environment.</p> 2019-08-26T16:07:12+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Utilization of Acacia seyal(Talih) bark powder Extract for Manufacture of Upper leather as Alternative Retanning Agent 2019-10-18T18:44:37+03:00 Sheikheldeen Bushra Ali Elkheir Mugadam Salih Muhab S. Hassanien AKram H. Mohmmed <p>This study was conducted at Alfula area which located at longitude 20-28 south and latitude 11-43 north the over all objective of this study were to fill the looser and softer parts of leather in order to produce leathers of more uniform physical properties. This is to investigate that the process will allow for the production of unlined footwear, to improve on the chemical stability of the leather, prompt rapid finishing and delivery to the customer. The plant has been evaluated and reported for application in the retanning of the leather. The process involves extracting the barks of Acacia seyal (Talih) for 1 hour with distilled water (1:10 w/v) at temperature above 80˚C. The Talih extract once was applied during prepared the retanning of wet blue leathers. To determine The efficacy of the pontency and effectiveness of the Acacia seyal (Talih) and extract during the retanning of wet blue leathers when the control and experimental retannage methodologies was applied was determined. The result of Acacia seyal (Talih) retanned compared to Acacia pycnantha(Wattle) retanned leathers. Acacia seyal (Talih) showed good grain tightness and retanned leathers were found to be better than Acacia pycnantha(Wattle) retanned. Further analysis of physical characteristic tests indicated that it can be used as an alternative retanning material</p> 2019-08-26T16:21:11+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Investigation of the Quality of Footwear produced by SMEs: Case study of Kariokor market, Nairobi 2019-10-18T18:44:38+03:00 Mesa W. Janet Onyancha O. Douglas Sang Magut K Paul <p>The increasing economic growth in Kenya has encouraged the growth of the leather sector. Kenya in its long-term vision to become an industrialized middle-income country by 2030, has identified the key role that the leather sector will play.</p> <p>There is a growing number of SMEs engaged in leather goods and footwear manufacturing around the country. A large number is involved in footwear manufacturing especially school shoes. This has been encouraged by local demand for affordable footwear. Even though production of leather footwear in the informal industry has increased over the years, the country’s local footwear has low market position both locally and internationally. The market share of the SME produced footwear has been attributed to low quality and poor workmanship of the products</p> <p>A survey was carried out to assess the quality of leather shoes produced by SMEs in Kariokor market, Nairobi. Data was collected from 20 respondents who constituted owners and managers of footwear workshops to ascertain if they have adopted the use of quality standards in their footwear fabrication and if their products conform to any laid down quality standards. The survey was carried out using simple random sampling method. The findings showed that none of the SMEs had adopted the use of quality standards and none of them had adopted Kenya Bureau of Standards (KEBs) standards. As a consequence, there was no mechanism of ensuring and maintaining conformity to footwear quality. This study recommends increased sensitization of SMEs on the importance of quality standards and quality management system in shoe fabrication.</p> 2019-08-26T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##